With the needle and thread, we Indians have aesthetically mastered in decorating fabrics and from ancient time, we have been appreciated across the globe. One of the major accounts of this is, when Greek traveler Megasthenes came to India and appreciated the Indian Embroideries to different parts of the world.
We have already talked about the best Indian fabrics earlier; this article is the continuation of same concern describing the best of Indian embroideries in India.
Below are best of Indian Embroideries:
Literally, the term Zardozi comes from Persian, zar meaning gold and dozi meaning embroidery. Zardozi is an art of swing gold and silver thread on a fabric. In India, we are crafting Zardozi artworks from the time of Rig Veda, though it flourishes in the Mughal period. Usually, in Lucknow, the raw material to make authentic Zardozi is an alloy of gold and silver. The ingots are melted to make wires and once these wires are taken out of the furnace, the wires are twisted around the silk.
It is believed that Nur Jehan, the wife of Mughal emperor Jahangir, first introduced the Chikan. Though there is also an account of Chikan work as early as 3rd century BC by Megathenes. However, the Nur Jahan story is widely affirmed. Chikankari embroidery is highly time-consuming as it is considered among one of toughest embroidery works. Ustad Faiyaaz Khan and Hasan Mirza Saheb are the two prominent chinkankari artisans from Lucknow, whose works have been appreciated globally.
The embroidery belongs and originated from Punjab, Phulkari means flowerworks (Phul-flowers and Kari- needle works). Pulkari’s patterns are least complicated patterns that create fascinating designs. It takes not less than 70 days to complete a Phulkari salwar kameez. There are three major patterns of Phulkari: Bagh, Chobe, and Shashidar. Bagh in which patterns are made throughout the surface, on the other hand in Chobe the artisan embroidered only the borders and few parts of the fabrics. Shashidar is the type of Phulkari small mirrors are used add flavor to the embroidery.
This embroidery is popular with the finest and minute needle works. Historically, Aari is as old as the 12th century, which marks the reign of Mughals. The Aari works start with the sketching the design through pencils and then the needle is used to pierce the holes in the way of design. When these steps are done, the thread is inserted into the fabric to complete the design.